A lack of capacity, resources, and understanding at the municipal level of government in the importance of source water protection is contributing to weak adherence to drinking water regulations, especially when human and financial resources are limited. Watershed planning has been employed as a source water protection tool in other jurisdictions – and is particularly useful where watersheds are shared between communities – but this is not a common practice in Newfoundland and Labrador. Newfoundland and Labrador is also estimated to have the second highest per capita water usage rate in Canada, with use highest in rural areas. Water conservation extends the life of existing infrastructure, reduces treatment costs, and can decrease additional growth-based investments. There are a number of firms in Newfoundland and Labrador which provide expertise in drinking water technologies and services.